Configure Triggers

A trigger is an event that initiates an automation or journey. This page details each trigger, as well as cancellation events, conditions, and rule limits.

See also:

Configuring Triggers

You configure a single trigger in the Setup step in an automation or the Trigger step in a journey.

  1. Select a trigger.
  2. Set any additional options that apply to the trigger.
  3. (Optional) Configure settings that apply to the automation or journey: cancellation events, conditions, and rule limits.

Custom Event

The Custom Event trigger initiates an automation or journey when a custom event associated with members of your audience occurs. See: Custom Events.

In the Setup step in an automation or Trigger step in a journey:

  1. Select the Custom Event trigger.
  2. Use the Events box to find an event, then click to select from the listed results. The search shows events that occurred in the last 30 days. If the event name you search for does not appear, click Use [search term] to use the event name as typed.
  3. (Optional) Click Add Another to add more events. Airship handles multiple events as a boolean OR.
 Tip

If you are a Radar customer and have configured the Airship and Radar integration, Radar location events and properties will be available for use with the Custom Event trigger. See Location Triggers for more information and the Location Triggers Tutorial for detailed usage steps.

Filtering Custom Events

When configuring the Custom Event trigger or Cancellation Events, you can filter custom events using numeric values associated with those custom events, or by key/value properties attached to the events. Filtering events this way can help you more precisely target your audience.

 Note

The filter does not show events and event properties for custom events associated with named usersA customer-provided identifier used for mapping multiple devices and channels to a specific individual. . You can still use events associated with named users as triggers, but you must enter their information manually.

Example
If you have a custom event named “Purchase”, with a purchase category fedoras and a value 125.0 representing the dollar amount of the purchase, you can add these criteria to the Purchase event so that your message is only seen by users spending at least $125 on fedoras.
 Note

Acceptable values and operators for event properties are based on the project’s settings. See: Manage Events.

  1. Click ADD PROPERTIES/VALUES for the custom event.

  2. Click Add Property or Add Event Value.

  3. Select the operator you want to use to evaluate the value or property, and enter the value or property you want to filter for.

  4. (Optional) Click   to add an alternative for a filter.

  5. (Optional) Click Add Property or Add Event Value to add more filters.

  6. Select ALL/ANY to determine how to evaluate multiple filters and alternatives within each filter.

    • ALL = all criteria must be met (boolean AND)
    • ANY = any criteria must be met (boolean OR)

  7. Click Save.

First Seen

The First Seen trigger initiates an automation or journey when members of your audience opt in to notifications or open your app for the first time. The behavior of the First Seen trigger varies by channel:

  • Apps: Triggers the automation or journey when users first open your app.
  • Web, SMS, and open channels: Triggers the automation or journey when users opt in to notifications.
  • Email: Triggers the automation or journey when users opt in to commercial notifications.

In the Setup step in an automation or Trigger step in a journey, select the First Seen trigger.

 Important

Inactivity

The Inactivity trigger initiates an automation or journey when a member of your audience does not use your app or website for a period of time. The inactivity period begins the later of a) the creation time of the automation or journey, or b) the last app or website activity by the user.

In the Setup step in an automation or Trigger step in a journey:

  1. Select the Inactivity trigger.
  2. Enter the period of inactivity in days.

Location

The Location trigger initiates an automation or journey based on an audience member’s device location. You can select a maximum of 20 locations per automation or journey.

 Note

  • The Location trigger requires Gimbal integration.
  • The Location trigger is not supported for web push notifications.

In the Setup step in an automation or Trigger step in a journey:

  1. Select the Location trigger.

  2. Click Select a Location.

  3. Enter a search term. Results, if any, display on the map and are listed on the Results tab.

    There are two types of locations available for selection: geofences and beacons. Click a result for a detailed view of a location.

    If selecting a geofence, the map will zoom to the selected location. Click and drag, and use the **+/-** zoom controls to change the displayed area.
  4. On the Results tab, check the box next to the locations you want to use as the trigger.

  5. Review the Selections tab, then click Save and continue.

  6. (Optional) Click Select a Location to add more locations.

  7. Choose whether to trigger your automation or journey when the user enters or exits a location.

Location Attributes

The Location Attributes trigger initiates an automation or journey based on key/value pair metadata associated with a particular location.

You can add a maximum of 50 location attributes per automation or journey.

 Note

  • The Location Attributes trigger requires Gimbal integration. It is not supported for web push notifications.

In the Setup step in an automation or Trigger step in a journey:

  1. Select the Location Attributes trigger.

  2. Enter a key/value pair for the location you want to use as the message trigger.
  3. (Optional) Click   to add an alternative location attribute.

  4. (Optional) Click Add Another to add more location attributes.

  5. Select ALL/ANY to determine how to evaluate multiple location attributes and alternatives within each location attribute.

    • ALL = all criteria must be met (boolean AND)
    • ANY = any criteria must be met (boolean OR)
     Note

    By default, the automation or journey is triggered if the audience meets ALL the location attributes. For example, if you selected ALL, with attributes half_off and has_cafe, you’d only reach users who enter or exit locations that meet both conditions. If you select ANY, you’d reach all users who enter a location running a half-off campaign as well as all users who enter a location that has a cafe.

  6. Choose whether to trigger your automation or journey when the user enters or exits a location.

Predicted to Churn

The Predicted to Churn trigger initiates an automation or journey when Airship predicts an audience member’s likelihood of becoming inactive, or churning. Predictive Churn analyzes your audience for users that exhibit behaviors indicating they are likely to become inactive, and tags the users as High, Medium, or Low Risk.

 Note

  • Predictive Churn tags are available to customers who purchase predictive analytics as an add-on to either a Performance Analytics or Real-Time Data Streaming pricing plan. Contact Airship Sales for details.
  • Go to Settings » Configuration » Predictive AI to enable Predictive Churn features.

In the Setup step in an automation or Trigger step in a journey:

  1. Select the Predicted to Churn trigger.

  2. Select a risk profile.

    • High risk: Users most likely to become inactive.
    • Medium risk: Users who exhibit signs of potentially becoming inactive.
    • Low risk: Users least likely to become inactive.
  3. Choose whether to apply the trigger when the risk is added or removed.

Tag Change

The Tag Change trigger initiates an automation or journey when a tag is added or removed from a device.

In the Setup step in an automation or Trigger step in a journey:

  1. Select the Tag Change trigger.
  2. Use the Tags box to search for a tag. If the tag you search for does not appear, click Create [search term] to create a new tag.
  3. Choose whether to apply the trigger when the tag is added or removed.

Cancellation Events

Cancellation events are events that prevent an automation from sending a message if a custom event occurs while the automation is in a delay period. Cancellation Events is in the Options section after you select your trigger. Not supported for the Inactivity trigger.

After configuring your trigger in the Setup step in an automation:

  1. Enable Cancellation Events.
  2. Complete the same workflow used for the Custom Event trigger. This includes the option to filter the cancellation events.
 Important

Cancellation events require a delay of at least one hour to ensure that there is time for the cancellation event to occur after the original triggering event occurs. In the Delivery step in an automation, you must specify a delay of at least one hour.

Conditions

Conditions are tags that must or must not be present on a device (or channel_id) for members of your audience to receive a message from an automation or journey. The message is not sent if your conditions are not met. You can search for tags, tag groups, Predicted to Churn risk profiles, and device property tags.

In an automation, Conditions appears in the Options section after you select your trigger, and you must enable the option before you can configure it. In a journey, Conditions are on the first screen when composing a message.

After configuring your trigger in the Setup step in an automation or when composing a message in a journey:

  1. Choose whether Any or All of the tag conditions must be satisfied before the message is sent.
  2. Choose whether audience members must have or not have the tag to receive the message.
    • Has: The device must have the tag to receive the message.
    • Doesn’t Have: The device must not have the tag to receive the message.
  3. Use the Tags box to search for a tag. To filter results, click   and select Tags or a specific tag group. From the search results box, you can:
    • Select a tag. A tag’s tag group, if any, is listed below the tag name.
    • Select a tag group from the dropdown menu.
    • Click   to create a new tag.
  4. (Optional) Click Add another condition to add more conditions.

Rule Limits for Automation

Rule limits cap the number of messages a named user can receive from an automation within a time frame, preventing you from over-messaging your audience. Rule limits are set per automation and apply at the named user level. Rule Limits appears in the Options section after you select your trigger.

After configuring your trigger in the Setup step in an automation:

  1. Enable Rule Limits.
  2. Click Add a Daily Limit and/or Add an All-Time Limit and enter the maximum number of times a named user can trigger your automation.

Your project-level Automation LimitsLimits that cap the number of automated messages a named user can receive within a time frame, preventing you from over-messaging your audience. Each automation and message in a journey counts toward the automation limit. Automation limits are set at the project level. and a link to edit those limits appear at the bottom of the pane.

Rule Limits for Journeys

Rule limits cap the number of times a named user can trigger a journey, preventing you from over-messaging your audience, e.g., a maximum of 1 per day. Rule limits are set per journey and apply at the named user level. Rule Limits appears in the Options section after you select your trigger.

After configuring your trigger in the Trigger step in a journey, click Add a Daily Limit and/or Add an All-Time Limit and enter the maximum number of times a named user can trigger the journey.